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雅思阅读:段落标题配对题的答案位置判断

课窝文章发表时间2018-07-20 课窝文章标签雅思考试,雅思阅读,雅思考点 课窝文章喜欢人数

  对于雅思水平在5分~6分的考生,特别容易做错雅思中段落标题配对题,错在做题思维上——认为阅读段落开头第一句或者最后一句。但其实并不是如此的机械安排。下面就和课窝网一起讨论段落标题配对题的答案位置吧。

  段落开头能起到转折的句子一般是一段的主旨

  这类答案所在句子并不一定在段落开头第一句。经笔者研究总结发现,这类答案位置常在第一句或者第二句甚至第三句(出现最多的位置常见为第一句和第二句,第三句比较少)。从上下句的逻辑关系来看,一般这类转折的句子起到的是句意的反转,通过对上一段的内容的转折或者对前一句表达的内容的否定来突出本段的中心思想。比如开头句子会出现most, many, all, common等词表达出一种大众的趋势时,后一句一般来说会转折并给出一个新的观点。

雅思阅读:段落标题配对题的答案位置判断

  1.出现在第一句的位置比较常见,以剑8Test2Passage3为例:

  D Smell, however, is a highly elusive phenomenon. Odours, unlike colours, for instance, cannot be named in many languages because the specific vocabulary simply doesn’t exist.

  开头第一句的however转折可以看出第一句是本段的重点内容,而第二句的for instance,可以看出第二句是对第一句的内容的举例说明,所以第一句是本段的主旨。

  2.出现在第二句的位置的频率稍微低一点,但在剑桥真题中出现的几率也不少,以剑6Test2Passage1为例:

  E It was once assumed that improvements in telecommunications would lead to more dispersal in the population as people were no longer forced into cities. However, the ISTP team’s research demonstrates that the population and job density of cities rose or remained constant in the 1980s after decades of decline. The explanation for this seems to be that it is valuable to place people working in related fields together.

  开头的once告诉我们这句话是大家一直猜想的一个点,第二句的开头转折突出一个跟第一句完全相反的观点,第三句开头的explanation表示这句是对此观点进行进一步解释,所以可见第二句才是本段真正的观点开始阐述。

  同上还有剑8Test1Passage2:

  D Many people think that ATC consists of a row of cntrollers sitting in front of their radar screens at the nation’s airports, telling arriving and departing traffic what to do. This is a very incomplete part of the picture. The FAA realised that the airspace over the United States would at any time have many different kinds of planes, flying for many different purposes, in a variety of weather conditions, and the same kind of structure was needed to accommodate all of them.

  第一句表示很多人的观点认为ATC包含的是一排控制人员坐在国家飞机场的雷达屏幕前指示飞机的到达和离开。第二句中的一个单词incomplete显示出了对第一句句意的否定。而第三句的内容是对第二句的细节展开。所以第二句才是真正开始阐述本段的观点。

  3.出现在第三句的情况非常少见,但是烤鸭们也不能忽略,以剑8Test3Passage3为例:

  C Thus ageing and death should not be seen as inevitable, particularly as the organism possesses many mechanisms for repair. It is not, in principle, necessary for a biological system to age and die. Nevertheless, a restricted life span, ageing, and then death are basic characteristics of life. The reason for this is easy to recognise: in nature, the existent organisms either adapt or are regularly replaced by new types.

  第一句对上一段进行概括总结,第二句对前一句继续进行扩充,第三句的nevertheless可以明确看出是对前面的内容的转折,第四句是对第三句的内容进行解释,所以可见第三句应该就是本段的中心句。

  段落开头起到递进关系的句子常为本段主旨句

  此类关系的句子一般来说是位于句首或者第二句对上一段内容进行承上启下,常见提示单词有also, in addition, besides, beyond等。

  1.主旨放于句首的情况,以剑8Test2Passage3为例:

  B Odours are also essential cues in social bonding. One respondent to the survey believed that there is no true emotional bonding without touching and smelling a loved one.

  第一句also给出提示这是对上一段的内容进行递进扩充的一个新观点,第二句为对第一句的内容的一个细节支持,可见第一句为本段主旨。

  2.主旨放于第二句的情况,以剑4Test4Passage3为例:

  D Although the language of “ rights” sometimes leads to confusion, by the late 1970s it was recognised in most societies that people have a right to health-care(though there has been considerable resistance in the United States to the idea that there is a formal right to health-care). It is also accepted that this right generates an obligation or duty for the state to ensure that adequate health-care resources are provided out of the public purse. The state has no obligation to provide a health-care system itself, but to ensure that such a system is provided.

  开头第一句联系上文是上一段内容的延伸,而第二句的also可以看出这是本段增加的一个新观点,第三句是对第二句的内容继续进行扩充说明,所以可见第二句为本文主旨。

  以上就是小编为大家分享的关于雅思段落标题配对题的备考技巧。更多雅思考试时间、雅思考点等问题,可以咨询我们。

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